The Overflow Facility at Otisville Correctional Facility Could Take Over the Residential Treatment Facility
Overflow facilities are prisons, jails, and detention facilities where inmates are placed temporarily in isolation to prevent violence and to avoid violence, according to the Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Overflow prisons can be operated by private entities, state and federal governments, or private correctional facilities, according the BJS.
Some have taken on the role of residential treatment facilities.
In 2014, the Bureau reported that over the last five years, over half of the residential treatment facility closures were over the use of over the phone.
A 2015 report by the Bureau found that about 1,600 residential treatment units had closed in the United States in the last decade, a number that has increased to nearly 4,600 over the past three years.
A 2016 report by California’s Office of the Inspector General also found that nearly 10 percent of the over-the-phone facility closures since 2007 had been due to over the telephone.
In 2015, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) called for the establishment of a single, national database for all correctional facilities and residential treatment centers to track all new facility closures, as well as the reasons for the closures.
In a 2016 study of over-call closures, the University of Chicago found that residential treatment was the third most common cause of closures in the nation, after violent and sexual assault, and physical and mental health.
Residential treatment is not a criminal offense, and there is no federal statute prohibiting over the internet visitation.
However, the BJA report suggests that over-voice visitation may be legal, especially when there are no physical restraints on the visitor and the person is under 21 years old.
Some states, like New York, have passed laws to allow over-invoicing of a visit to a residential treatment center or correctional facility.
The BJA also recommends that the states require visitation by telephone, and states consider establishing an “over-the phone visitation ban” that would require people to call the facility at least twice a day in order to visit the facility.
For more information, see the BJSS Overflow Report.